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Sruti scriptures include the primary scriptures of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Vedas teach the highest truths ever known to man, and form the supreme authority of Hinduism. The word Veda is derived from the root word 'Vid,' meaning 'to know.'
Sruti in Sanskrit means 'that which is heard.' Thus the Vedas are the eternal truths that the Vedic seers, called rishis, are said to have heard during their deep meditations. The Vedas are not considered the works of the human mind, but an expression of what has been realized through intuitive perception by Vedic rishis. As such, Vedas are considered of divine origin. The Vedic truths were orally inherited by the rishis to their disciples over thousands of years. Finally , these were compiled by Sage Krishna Dwepayan Vyas, popularly known as VedVyas, for the benefit of future generations.
The Vedas are the primary texts of the spiritual and religious records of the ancient culture and teachings of India. Their teachings are based upon recognition of the sacred nature of all life and self-realization as the true goal of human life. Hindus call the Vedas by several names, such as apaurusheya (meaning 'not authored by purusha, or human being'), anadi ('without beginning in terms of time').
As a culture and way of life, the Vedas represent a tradition that accepts all valid approaches to truth and embodies the principles of universality and diversity. The Vedas prescribe rituals and meditations far attaining harmony in life. The rituals are intended to keep our daily actions in harmony with the Divine Will, and meditations are prescribed for realizing our real self. The ritualistic parts of the Vedas are called the Karma Khanda and the meditation portion of the Vedas is called the Gyan Khanda.