Frequently Asked Questions on Gayatri

What is significance of correct pronunciation of the Mantra?

Ans. All Ved Mantras have a poetic composition (syntax) with specified musical notes. When a Mantra is recited acoustic vibrations surpassing ultrasonic frequencies are produced. These waves travel in an "extra-sensory telepathic medium" enveloping the cosmos and interact with the thought processes of all living beings. In order to strengthen... Read More

What is the methodology of chanting of Mantra during Jap?

During the routine , solo Jap, the Mantra is pronounced in such a way that although there is a slight movement of lips, larynx and tongue, it produces a resonance inaudible to anyone except the worshipper. In a mass the Mantra is pronounced loudly in unison.... Read More

How is it possible for illiterate persons and children to do Gayatri Sadhana, for whom the pronunciation of the Mantra is somewhat difficult ?

Illiterate persons who cannot utter Gayatri Mantra correctly, can perform Jap of Panchakshari Gayatri "Om bhoor Bhuvaha Swaha." If they cannot utter even these words correctly, they can perform Jap of "Hari Om Tat-Sat." This also serves the purpose of Panchakshari Gayatri Mantra .... Read More

What is the most suitable time of the day for Upasana?

Brahm Muhoort i.e. an hour before sunrise in the morning, and just before sunset in the evening to an hour thereafter bring forth maximum result. During day Upasana may be carried out any time according to one's convenience. Although a fixed routine in timings is recommended yet it is not... Read More

Is Gayatri Jap permissible during night time?

Sages had advised Jap during the day-time for two reasons. One: the nights are meant exclusively for rest. Any activity during the night (including Upasana ) is likely to affect one's health . Two: since Sun is the deity of Gayatri , the radiations from the Sun are readily obtained... Read More

Is Jap permissible along-with other activities?

 One may perform Jap even while walking or without taking a bath or during other physical activities. On such occasions, however, it should only be a mental process without movement of lips, larynx and tongue. Instead of taking the help of a rosary, a clock may be used for keeping... Read More

Should one deliberate on the meaning of the Mantra during the Jap?

As regards contemplation on the meaning of Mantra during the Jap, it is recommended that one should only meditate on the deity during Jap. The practical difficulty in thinking about meaning of Mantra at the time of Jap is that it takes time to form imaginary pictures in accordance with... Read More

Is taking a bath essential prior to Jap? What should one wear during the Jap?

 It is more appropriate to sit in front of an altar after taking bath, wearing clean clothes and perform worship in the morning with due salutations and reverence. It keeps the mind happily steady and helps in its concentration. But when duty hours are odd, a person is sick or... Read More

On what should one concentrate during Upasana?

Those believing in Divinity 'with form' (Sakar) are advised to concentrate on an idol or picture of Gayatri , whereas those having faith in formless God (Nirakar) may concentrate in the central, part of the sun, all the while imagining that the ethereal solar energy is permeating and purifying the... Read More

How does one meditate on Savita?

Spiritual tradition in India considers Gayatri as the most powerful medium for invocation of Savita, the omnipresent cosmic energy of God operating the natural functions in the animate beings (flora and fauna) and in the inanimate objects (e.g. as fission and fusion, magnetism and gravity in planets and stars). Since... Read More

How can one derive maximum benefit from daily Gayatri Upasana during mornings and evenings?

Regularity in morning and evening Gayatri Upasana must be strictly adhered to. Although total involvement and concentration are essential ingredients of Upasana , this alone is not enough. For keeping good health , one is required to perform a minimum amount of manual labour to digest and assimilate the meals... Read More

How can I raise the level of my day-to-day Upasana to get the benefit of Anusthan?

It requires five hundred thousand Japs a year at the rate of 15 Malas per day. Sadhana of this type is known as an Abhiyan Sadhana . Although this number is achievable simply by 15 cycles of Mala each day, it is customary to supplement it with two 'Laghu Anusthan... Read More

What are the rules of Abhiyan Sadhana?

The basic rules of Abhiyan Sadhana are given hereunder:- (a) The time of commencement: All days are considered auspicious for initiating a good work. However, for this purpose a Parva (religious auspicious period) would be the best choice. Amongst the auspicious festivals, one may choose days like Basant Panchami, Guru... Read More

What is the purpose of self-control in Abhiyan Sadhana?

Tap is meant for conservation of life -force and utilising it for elevation of soul to higher levels of consciousness. The three outlets through which about 80% of this vital force continues to leak out of human body are: indulgence in delicious food, intemperate utterances and sexual distractions and actions.... Read More

What are the rules of Akhand (unbroken) Jap?

Akhand Jap is performed on special auspicious occasions like Gayatri Jayanti, Guru Poornima, Vasant Panchami etc. There are two ways of doing it. It may be performed either for twenty-four hours or between sunrise and sun-set. During the visibility of the sun (day-time) a vocal mass chanting with rosary may... Read More

What to do if there are disruptions during Jap?

If one is required to go to toilet in between a sessions, the Jap can be resumed after cleaning of hands and feet. Taking bath after each such disruption is not necessary. On sneezing, passing of wind, yawning etc., purification is achieved by taking three Aachmans.... Read More

What are the restrictions on Upasana during the inauspicious days (birth or death in family etc.)?

On such occasions, although regular chanting of Mantra with rosary and standard rituals are forbidden, mental Jap and meditation may be done. The objective is two-fold. On the one hand, it protects the devotee from mental and physical exertion, On the other, a quarantine (Sootak) has to follow this rule.... Read More

Should women discontinue Upasana during menstrual periods?

While undergoing menstrual cycles, women are both mentally and physically under exertion. Besides, they are unable to maintain the required degree of physical cleanliness. As such, they are recommended to do mental Jap only. This rule is also applicable to other states of cleanliness (when there are discharges through sweat,... Read More

What is the posture recommended for turning the rosary (Mala) during Jap?

1. For Jap, select a secluded, noiseless place beneath a tree, in a temple, or at the bank of a river. 2. Be seated in an upright position with crossed-legs (Sukhasan) or on a raised platform if there is some discomfort on sitting on ground. For sitting use a cotton... Read More

What is the difference between daily Upasana, Anusthan and Purascharan?

Daily worship is a part of routine day to day living. Anusthan is a worship of a higher order in which the devotee is bound by many restrictions and has to follow specified rules and regulations. Consequently, in the latter case, special benefits accrue. Purascharan, however, is a still higher... Read More

What are the types of Anusthans? How much time is required for each?

There are three types of Anusthan s small (Laghu) medium (madhyam) and Big (Uchch). The counts are as follows : 1) Small Anusthan : 24000 Jap s to be completed in 9 days at the rate of 27 cycles of rosary per day. Time taken: on an average, 3 hours... Read More

What are the pre-requisites for an Anusthan?

Cleansing of body, clothes and implements of worship; the six rituals; 'Panchopchar'; Jap ; Meditation ; 'Suryarghdan'; (A small Kalash with water and incense are kept along with a photograph or idol of the deity.) Oblations of : water, 'Akchat', 'Chandan', 'Flowers' and 'Naivedya'. 'Avahan' and 'Visarjan' at the beginning... Read More

What are the basic rules of an Anusthan?

Ans. The set of rules to be followed are :- (1) As far as practicable, regularity of time and number in the Jap should be maintained in the routine with minimum possible deviations. (2) The five basic principles i.e. (i) fasting (ii) abstention from sex (iii) self- service (iv) sleeping on ground... Read More

Is it possible to have an Anusthan performed by someone else?

To get Jap performed by others on payment on one's behalf amounts to purchasing labour and deriving advantage out of it. This earns no merit. There are some important tasks which require to be carried out by one's own self. It becomes ridiculous if they are got done by others.... Read More

Does one himself benefit by doing Jap-Anusthan for others?

It is true that like helping the needy through one's own resources, a person reaps spiritual benefits while performing Upasana -Tap for others ("Distant therapy"). The only condition is that it should be carried out to support a deserving cause. On the contrary, if divine powers are sought to further... Read More

Is acceptance of a donation or gift in cash or kind is permissible in lieu of an Anusthan done for others?

It is sanctioned to the extent of minimum amount for bare sustenance. Very little benefit accrues when an Anusthan is performed for others with an eye on deriving maximum personal benefit.... Read More

What is the time of the day recommended for Jap during an Anusthan? Is it necessary to complete Jap at a stretch?

Mornings are best suited. Otherwise, one may complete the count in instalments at different periods of the day.... Read More

What to do if there is some irregularity during the Anusthan?

There should not be any apprehension about incurring any divine displeasure as a consequence of an unavoidable irregularity during the Anusthan . Nevertheless, it is advisable to seek protection of a competent Guru toward off possible disturbances and to take care of advertent or inadvertent errors. This service is also... Read More

What is the significance of Havan (Yagya) in an Anusthan?

Jap and Havan are basic ingredients of an Anusthan . After initiation (Dikcha) the worshipper (Sadhak) makes a total surrender to Gayatri and Yagya (his spiritual parents), which are inseparable. Invocation of both is done through specified procedures during the Anusthan .... Read More

What are the number of 'Ahutis' prescribed for various types of Anusthans?

In ancient times, it was convenient to oblate one tenth of the total number of Jap s in the Havan in an Anusthan . In the present circumstances, it is sufficient to offer one hundredth number of 'Ahutis'. The number thus amounts to :- (a) Small Anusthan - 240 Ahutis. (b)... Read More

How are the number of Ahutis distributed during the Yagya (Havan) in course of Anusthans?

Havan may either be performed each day or on the last day of the Anusthan . Oblations required each day are equal to the number of 'malas', (cycles of rosary) whereas on the last day the number of 'Ahutis' should be equal to one hundredth of the total number of... Read More

What is the ideal 'Bramhabhoj' after completion of the 'Anusthan'?

In an Anusthan the last ritual is 'Brahmbhoj' after Poornahuti in the Havan. Traditionally it requires feeding Brahmans or young maidens. Qualified, deserving Brahmans are not easily available, these days. Alternatively, maidens (who being symbolic of mother power of God the Matri Shakti, are fed to augment faith) are offered... Read More

What should one do if some unfavourable unforeseen events occur during an Anusthan?

Under such circumstances one may discontinue the Sadhana , Jap etc. for the period and resume it later from the count of disruption. However, a mental recitation, without a rosary, is permissible in all circumstances.... Read More

Why is Gayatri Mantra regarded as Guru Mantra?

Every body knows that one can learn very well under the direct guidance of a capable teacher. This, however, does not mean that a person devoid of knowledge and character be accepted as Guru . Instead of accepting an illiterate person as teacher and suffer the consequences it is better... Read More

Is Diksha necessary for Sadhana?

Aspiration for salvation is the birth right of all human beings. Scriptures say that in the biological kingdom created by God three phenomena are extremely rare. One - to be born as a human amongst the innumerable species of living beings; Two - a strong aspiration for salvation from bondage... Read More

 What are the rules to be followed after taking Diksha?

After initiation, the devotee is expected to maintain regularity in daily routine of worship ( Upasana ), a persistent endeavour for developing purity in thoughts words and deeds by studying scriptures and interacting with saintly persons ( Sadhana ) and by donating a part of one's time and resources for... Read More

Will one incur divine displeasure if there are some inadvertent errors during worship ?

Absolutely not. The Creator is like our Mother. The Divine Mother has only love for her children. How can She punish unless the fault is deliberate? One may contemplate on God even while lying on bed (when one is sick) or without proper physical cleanliness or rituals. The benefits, however... Read More

What are indications of progress in Sadhana?

After prolonged and persistent ' Sadhana ' with faith and dedication , the following characteristics appear in the devotee:- 1. Magnetism in personality ; sparkling eyes; force in speech; a glowing countenance; gravity and stability in expression. These qualities deeply impress everyone coming in contact with the devotee. People interacting... Read More

 I have been doing Gayatri Sadhana regularly. Nevertheless, at times, I feel depressed and dissatisfied with my progress. What is the remedy?

The feelings of occasional depression, dissatisfaction with progress and momentary loss of interest are not uncommon in course of Sadhana . In order to understand this paradoxical phenomenon, it is necessary to understand three successively higher phases of spiritual evolution. These are known as :- (1) The Mantra Diksha or... Read More

Why is the Sadhak advised to keep the progress in Sadhana a secret?

The purpose of keeping Sadhana secret is only to avoid the possibility of confusion because of multiple interactions with people, so that after dispelling all doubts, one holds fast to it firmly and marches ahead on the chosen path. People try to criticise, find faults and suggest new methods and... Read More

How is Gayatri relevant for humankind in the present times ?

 Each individual is born with certain characteristic traits and IQ., all of which can not be explained as genetic inheritance. For instance, genetics has no explanation for the rare birth of a saint, genius or an idiot in several generations of a family. It is also a fact that many... Read More

What is "VAAM MARG"?

Yogic Sadhana s are carried out in two ways. These are designated as the 'Dakchin Marg' and 'Vaam Marg' or Tantra. References in this book pertains to the Dakchin Marg - which is the process ( Sadhana ) of attracting the omnipresent powers of divinity, interacting with them by developing... Read More

 According to the Law of Karma, everyone has to face the consequences of one's good or bad deeds. How is it then possible for Gayatri to absolve one from sins?

It has been described that Gayatri dispels the darkness of sin. It does not mean destruction of the result of sin. It means getting rid of sinful tendencies. ... Read More

How does the ‘Gayatri Mantra’ as a Vedmantra differ from other ‘Laukik mantras’? 

Gayatri Mantra is the primordial Mantra self-manifested by the projection of the will (sankalp) of Omnipotent Divine to bring into existence the present cycle of creation (Varah Kalpa). According to Hindu mythology there are infinite cosmic cycles of expansion and contraction known as Shrishti and Pralaya. At the time of... Read More

Is it permissible to chant other Mantras or worship other deities along with Gayatri ?

Central theme of any form of worship is meditation. The exclusive objective of Jap and meditation in Upasana is to establish an intimate emotional bond between the devotee and God .Spirituality in India permits a free choice amongst a multitude of symbols (as deities) for meditating on attributes of the... Read More

Why is Gayatri represented as a female deity ?

Several people say that when masculine words have been used in Gayatri how can it be said Gayatri Mata? It should be understood that the Absolute Divinity it represents, is all pervasive and formless. It is beyond gender. In scriptures both masculine and feminine words are used for fire, air... Read More

What is the basis of words in Gayatri Mantra adding upto 24 letters ?

The confusion about Gayatri Mantra having a total of 23 letters only, arises mainly because of the word Nayam in Varenyam. In the composition of the Richas (couplets) of Veda s, meanings are subordinate to the syntax of words, which is according to specified musical notations. The chhandas (components of... Read More

Does Gayatri Mantra conform to the rules of Sanskrit Grammar ?

At times points are raised about supposed grammatical inaccuracies in the composition of Gayatri Mantra . These misconceptions arise when the Shrutis (Richas of Veda s and Upnishads) are studied and evaluated as literary, human creations. Unlike the religious books and teachings of the Rishis compiled as Smritis, Puranas, Tantras... Read More

How many Omkars are included in the Gayatri Mantra ?

Gayatri Mantra is complete in itself. It is not at all necessary to supplement it by assigning three or five ‘Oms’ by way of beej Mantra or samput. This is done only in the Tantrik system. The common man should not bother about some odd references in scriptures which justify... Read More

What are Vyahritis ?

The Gayatri Mantra begins with enunciation of “Om” (Amen in Christianity and Aameen in Islam are its variants). “Om” is believed to be resonating all over the cosmos as the primordial sound. Spiritual-science considers it as one of the cosmic representations of omnipresent GOD (Shabda Brahma or Nad Brahma). Devotees... Read More

What is a Beej Mantra ? How is it applied ?

 All religions of the world make use of a part of their scriptures as a representative Beej Mantra. Thus Mohammedans have their Kalma the Christians Baptism, and the Jains Namonkar Mantra. The Gayatri Mantra is the Beej Mantra for the Hindus.An abbreviation of a Ved Mantra is also known as... Read More

How is rishi Vishwamitra related to Gayatri Mantra?

Vishwamitra was the first rishi of this kalpa (the present cycle of creation) who could access all powers of Gayatri .In spiritual parlance, he was the first master of Gayatri Sadhana . Rishi Vishwamitra standardised the procedures of Gayatri Sadhana for the common man.... Read More

Are there any restrictions on Gayatri worship ?

There is a prevalent belief that the right to worship Gayatri is exclusively restricted to the Brahmans or the so called “Dwij” (which is traditionally considered synonymous with “Brahmans”, a caste in India). This is a gross misconception. If there is a dispute on the basis of caste only Kshatriyas will... Read More

Do Brahmans have a special privilege to do Gayatri Sadhana ?

The professed proprietary right of Brahmans (by birth) on Gayatri worship is ridiculous. Credit for embodiment and elaboration of mysticism of Mahamantra Gayatri goes to rishi Vishwamitra, who belonged to Kshatriya caste by birth. Thus, even if the caste is considered essential for Gayatri worship, the Kshatriyas should have priority... Read More

Are women entitled to take up Gayatri Sadhana?

For countering the oft-repeated arguments against women ’s right to Gayatri worship, let us try to understand the basic principles of ancient Indian culture . It propounds a global religion, for the entire humanity. Nowhere does it support the illogical inequalities based on differentiation of caste, sex etc. The code... Read More

What are the basic reasons for the anti-women stance of some sects in India ?

 During the medieval period there occurred overall degeneration and corruption in Indian society. Resources and power were usurped by a handful of corrupt rulers who ruthlessly exploited the poor and the downtrodden to fulfill their coffers and maintain a high style of living. It was the period of high tide... Read More

Is Gayatri worship permissible for the non-vegetarians and those who take liquors?

It is said that Gayatri is a sacred Mantra and those who worship it should live a life of inner and outer purity. They should not take liquor, meat etc. It is good not to indulge in intoxicants. It is better to remain pure as far as possible. This, however,... Read More

Is Yagyopaveet essential for Gayatri worship? What is its significance ?

It cannot be made mandatory that those alone who put an Yagyopveet can perform Gayatri Jap . However, since Yagyopaveet is an image of Gayatri it is better if its worshipper puts it on.Yagyopaveet is a form of Gayatri . It is preferable to perform worship sitting in a temple... Read More

Why is an idol or picture used for worship ofGod, who is formless? Are there more then oneGayatri? 

 It is an oft-repeated question. It should be understood that basic purpose of worship is meditation and contemplation; and name and form are essential for meditation. Everywhere people coordinate feelings and symbols in order to refine their sentiments. Every nation has its own national flag. Its citizens pay reverence to... Read More

Why is Gayatri visualized as a young womanwith its peculiar ornaments? 

One should not be under the illusion that Gayatri is a living being with one mouth and two arms or five mouths and ten arms. Woman has intrinsic superiority over man and so Gayatri is given mother’s form. Having Kamandal and a book in Gayatri Mata’s hands are symbolic of... Read More

In what way the twenty-four emanations ofDivine Mother (Matrikas) represent Gayatri? 

As various organs perform specific functions in the human body, the primary divine energies inherent in the Primordial Supreme Power (Adyashakti) of God have been conceived as twenty-four motherly emanations or nine Devis (female deities) - since, amongst the living beings in the world, only the female of the species... Read More

Are Gayatri and Savitri different? 

Not exactly. They are different expressions of the Supreme Power of God . As such they are opposite faces of the same coin. Gayatri (idolised with nine faces) and Savitri (idolised with five faces) in fact identify the extra-sensory and sensory excellence in human life which are known as Riddhis... Read More

What are the specific divine emanations associatedwith Gayatri and Savitri? 

As mentioned in the answers to Q.No. 4, Gayatri and Savitri are two sides of the same coin. Gayatri has been referred to by innumerable names. Amongst its significant twenty-four thousand aliases, 24 represent its principal emanations. Twelve of these have been idolized for practical spiritual growth and the remaining... Read More

Why is the Primordial Divine Energy (Gayatri)represented in so many forms (idols)? 

God is omnipresent. The primordial Divine Energy symbolized as Gayatri take up numerous forms and functions in innumerable ways. The analogy of an actor will illustrate the point. An actor in a play has to wear different costumes on various occasions to portray different roles. For each role, he is... Read More

Why is Gayatri represented as a deity with fivefaces?

Descriptions of deities and characters in mythology showing many heads and arms are common and may appear odd and paganish to a person not familiar with the subtleties of Indian spiritual tradition. Brahma and Vishnu have been described as having four faces, Shiva with five, Kartikeya with six, Durga with... Read More

Why is Gayatri known as Tripada- Trinity ? 

Gayatri is Tripada- a Trinity, since being the Primordial Divine Energy, it is the source of three cosmic qualities known as “Sat”, “Raj” and “Tam” represented in Indian spirituality by the deities “Saraswati” or “Hreem”. “Lakhyami” or “Shreem” and “Kali” or “Durga” as “Kleem”. Incorporation of “Hreem” in the soul... Read More

Why is Gayatri designated as Vedmata, Devmataand Vishwamata? 

Gayatri has been called Vedmata because it is the essence of source of Veda s. It is called Devmata because there is perpetual growth of divinity and righteousness in its devotee. Its ultimate object is to inculcate and awaken the feeling of ‘Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam’ and ‘Atmavat Sarvabhooteshu’ (Welfare of man... Read More

What is the relationship between Gayatri Mantraand other powers of God? 

According to Savitri Upnishad, from the eternal omnipotence of God represented by Om, seven streams of divine power, known as Vyahritis, emanate. Three amongst these (Bhur , Bhuwaha and Swaha) form the prefix of Gayatri Mantra . The Vyahritis are also known as the ‘Sheersha’ (fountainhead) of Gayatri . When Gayatri... Read More

What is Savita? 

The deity for meditation on Gayatri Mantra is ‘Savita’. Savita is the cosmic power of God which provides energy to all animate and inanimate systems of the cosmos. In the Sun and other stars, for instance, it works as fission and fusion of atoms.... Read More

Why is Gayatri Upasana considered supremeas compared to other forms of worship?

Gayatri is the fountainhead of all streams of divine powers personified and designated as deities (Lakhyami, Durga, Saraswati etc.) Thus by invocation of Gayatri the Sadhak starts accessing divine attributes. Speciality of Gayatri Sadhana lies in the fact that it provides the Sadhak an access to the huge store of... Read More

What are the basic aims of Gayatri Sadhana? 

The science of Gayatri Upasana has been developed to help human beings in ridding themselves of base animal instincts and replace them with the divine virtues. Adherence to the laws of this science provides a Sadhak permanent relief from the shackles of unhappiness and misery.... Read More

What is the relevance of Gayatri Upasana inthe modern society?

During the last few decades concepts of religion have been increasingly distorted by vested interests. The deliberately induced misconceptions about religion led to the miraculous achievements in the field of material sciences, created an environment wherein people began to doubt the utility of spirituality and became sceptic about the very... Read More

Is Gayatri worship conditioned? (Is Gayatri ‘keelit’)?

There are two methods for invoking powers of Gayatri . One the simple divine method for spiritual progress and the other an intricate method of ‘Tantra Shastra’ for immediate fulfilment of worldly desires. The Mantras of Tantra Shastra also have a destructive power. Unless, they are practised with a strict... Read More

What is the truth in the belief that God Brahma, and rishis Vashistha and Vishwamitra had laid a curse (shaap) that success will elude the practitioner unless he/ she recites certain verses (shlokas)?

 That this is baseless, is established by the following references from the scriptures:- a) Gayatri is well known as the inherent creative power of God . She is also at places referred metaphysically as spouse of God Brahma. Scriptures say that with the help of Gayatri , He (Brahma) created the... Read More

Is Guru mandatory for Gayatri worship?

Gayatri is also known as Guru -Mantra i.e. to achieve a higher level of spiritual accomplishment, one needs an experienced Guru as a spiritual guide and protector. Let us draw an analogy from other fields. Some fields of learning require only books, whereas for others like music, crafts, etc. direct... Read More

I have already taken Diksha (initiation) from a Guru. Will it be proper for me to seek another Guru ?

There are no restrictions on choosing more than one Guru . It all depends on the type and level of achievement sought for. Ram had Vashistha as his family Guru and Vishwamitra for learning of martial and other branches of knowledge. Dattatreya is known for having twenty four Guru s.... Read More

Is audible chanting of Gayatri scripturally permissible?

Some people say that Gayatri Mantra being a “secret” Mantra should only be whispered in the ear during initiation. This may apply to Tantrik Mantras but not to Gayatri Mantra . According to scriptures the Ved Mantras should be chanted loudly with tune or accent according to specified notation. Whispering... Read More

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